GAAP Lease Accounting: Practical Problems and Solutions
Webinar Details $219
- Webinar Length: 100 Minutes
- Guest Speaker: Chuck Borek
- Topic: Taxation and Accounting
- Credit: CPE 2.0, ATATX 1.5
Although the new GAAP lease accounting rules only became mandatory for non-public companies in 2022, the current standards originated in an FASB proposal almost seven years ago and public companies have been grappling with them since 2019. As with most new accounting standards, unanticipated issues have arisen and some questions are still unanswered.
In this course we will cover the following topics:
- Determining Initial Direct Costs Under a Narrower Standard
- The Sometimes Confusing Definitions Applicable to the New Standard
- Properly Determining Lease Components
- Dealing with Subleases
- Handling Variable Lease Payments
- Leases Acquired in the Purchase of a Business
- Sales-Leaseback Accounting
- Lease Accounting with Build-to-Suit Arrangements
- Topics Covered 00:07:33
- Basics Refresher 00:08:19
- Calculating ROU Asset 00:10:13
- Finance vs. Operating Leases 00:13:09
- Financing Lease Criteria 00:14:43
- Adopting New Rules Example 00:17:03
- Initial Direct Costs 00:18:37
- Initial Direct Costs & ROU Asset 00:18:55
- Initial Direct Costs - Incremental Costs 00:19:47
- Initial Direct Costs - ROU Asset And Lease Liability 00:21:32
- Practical Expedient Info 00:23:29
- Definitions 00:25:34
- Lease Definition 00:25:47
- Definition of Contract 00:26:21
- Definition of Control 00:28:05
- Identifiable Property 00:29:10
- Is an Easement a Lease? 00:30:17
- Inception vs. Commencement Date 00:33:31
- Inception vs. Commencement Date Cont’d 00:34:33
- Lease Term 00:38:41
- Lease Payments 00:42:20
- Lease Components 00:44:04
- What is a Contract Component? 00:44:15
- Lease vs. Nonlease Components 00:44:54
- Criteria for Lease Components 00:45:23
- Example 00:46:00
- Example Cont’d 00:46:34
- Nonlease Components 00:48:04
- Makeup of Total Consideration 00:51:31
- Makeup of Total Consideration Cont’d 00:52:45
- Taxes and Insurance (Fixed) 00:53:57
- Taxes and Insurance (Actual) 00:53:37
- Lessee Allocation Summary 00:57:40
- Lessor Allocation Summary 00:59:06
- Summary of Steps 01:00:01
- Subleases 01:00:40
- Lessor/Lessee/Sublessee 01:01:02
- Finance or Operating Sublease? 01:02:37
- Effect of Sublease on Lessor 01:04:29
- Effect of Sublease on Lessee 01:05:41
- Effect of Sublease on Lessee Cont’d 01:07:06
- Effect of Sublease on Lessee Cont’d 01:08:06
- Effect of Sublease on Sublessee 01:09:46
- Variable Lease Payments 01:10:48
- Acquired Leases 01:12:41
- Sale-Leaseback Accounting 01:14:27
- Structure of Transaction 01:15:02
- Sale-Leaseback Definition 01:16:04
- Benefits of Sale-Leaseback: Seller 01:17:41
- Benefits of Sale-Leaseback: Buyer 01:18:27
- Example 01:19:31
- Accounting for Sale-Leaseback 01:12:41
- Example: Year 1 01:24:35
- Operating Lease Example: Year 1 01:27:01
- Operating Lease Example: Year 1 01:27:40
- Amortization by Seller/Lessee 01:28:25
- Only for Operating Leases 01:27:19
- Structure if Leaseback is Finance 01:30:38
- Application to Options 01:31:58
- Diagram of Option Transaction 01:32:41
- Lease-In Lease-Out (LILOs) 01:34:23
- Build-To-Suit Arrangements 01:35:57
- Lease 01:36:16
- Build-To-Suit 01:36:41
- Basics of Build-To-Suit 01:37:52
- Definition of Control 01:38:30
- Accounting for Build-To-Suit 01:38:41
- Thank you 01:39:45
- Presentation Closing 01:40:16
- Amortization 01:28:37
- Asset 00:10:08, 00:12:36, 00:48:10, 00:52:04, 00:54:44, 01:02:49, 01:16:17, 01:24:17, 01:30:06
- Balance Sheet 00:10:08. 00:14:01
- Build-To-Suit Lease 00:08:02, 01:35:57
- Contract 00:26:21, 00:44:09, 00:54:33
- Cost 00:49:06
- Direct Costs 00:07:40, 00:17:26, 00:19:11, 00:21:28
- Fair Market Value (FMV) 00:33:31
- FASB - Financial Accounting Standards Board 00:08:35, 00:16:03
- Finance Lease 00:13:51, 01:02:41, 01:10:16, 01:28:54
- Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) 00:06:30, 01:37:55
- Implicit Rate 00:12:11
- Lease Liability 00:19:04, 00:21:33, 01:26:25
- Lessee 00:19:30, 00:42:30, 00:45:33, 00:48:17, 00:57:47, 01:03:34, 01:32:08
- Lessor 00:12:12, 47:26, 00:48:14, 00:59:07, 01:04:25, 01:13:35,01:20:49
- Operating Lease 00:13:52, 01:02:41, 01:05:54, 01:10:16, 01:28:48, 01:27:19
- Present value (PV) 00:21:54, 01:23:22
- Right-of-Use Asset (ROU Asset) 00:10:14, 00:12:47, 00:18:44, 00:21:23, 00:42:07, 00:49:54, 00:54:52, 01:02:52, 01:11:31, 01:28:21
- Sale and Leaseback 00:07:59, 00:36:08, 01:14:27, 01:32:31
- Sublease 00:07:53, 01:00:41, 01:02:45, 01:08:06
- Total Cost 00:19:29
- Transaction 00:36:01, 01:13:36, 01:16:26
Amortization: An accounting term that refers to the process of allocating the cost of an intangible asset over a period of time. It also refers to the repayment of loan principal over time. (investinganswers.com)
Asset: Property owned by a person or company, regarded as having value and available to meet debts, commitments or legacies.
Balance Sheet (BS): A financial report that summarizes a company's assets (what it owns), liabilities (what it owes) and owner or shareholder equity at a given time.
Build-To-Suit Lease: Build-to-suit leases are unique real estate contracts that allow business owners to develop commercial properties that perfectly suit their needs. In exchange, they lease the completed property from the developer who built the real estate, paying them rent over 10 to 20 years.
Contract: A written or spoken agreement, especially one concerning employment, sales, or tenancy, that is intended to be enforceable by law.
Cost: The sum of the applicable expenditures and charges directly or indirectly incurred in bringing an article to its existing condition and location
Direct Costs: Direct costs are expenses that directly go into producing goods or providing services, while indirect costs are general business expenses that keep you operating. Examples of direct costs are direct labor, direct materials, commissions, piece-rate wages, and manufacturing supplies.
FASB - Financial Accounting Standards Board: The Financial Accounting Standards Board is a private standard-setting body whose primary purpose is to establish and improve Generally Accepted Accounting Principles within the United States in the public's interest.
Fair Market Value (FMV): The term fair market value is used throughout the Internal Revenue Code among other federal statutory laws in the USA including Bankruptcy, many state laws, and several regulatory bodies. In litigation in many jurisdictions in the United States, the fair market value is determined at a hearing.
Finance Lease: A financial lease is generally treated like loan. Here, asset ownership is considered by the lessee, so the asset appears on the balance sheet.
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP): A set of rules and guidelines developed by the accounting industry for companies to follow when reporting financial data. Following these rules is especially critical for all publicly traded companies.
Lessee: In a lease agreement, the lessee is defined as the party that pays for the use of the asset or property.
Lessor: One that transfers property (such as a house or a car) by a contract. The lessor is the party that receives payments from the lessee in exchange for the usage of its asset or property.
Operating Lease: An operating lease is generally treated like renting. That means the lease payments are treated as operating expenses and the asset does not show on the balance sheet.
Present value (PV): The current value of a future sum of money based on a specific rate of return. Present value helps us understand how receiving $100 now is worth more than receiving $100 a year from now, as money in hand now has the ability to be invested at a higher rate of return. See an example of the time value of money here.
Right-of-Use Asset (ROU Asset): In accounting, the right-of-use asset (ROU asset) arises from a lease agreement and represents the lessee's license to hold, operate, or occupy the leased property or item over the lease term. The asset is calculated as the initial amount of the lease liability, plus any lease payments made to the lessor before the lease commencement date, plus any initial direct costs incurred, minus any lease incentives received.
Sale and Leaseback: A "sale/leaseback" or "sale and leaseback" is a transaction in which the owner of a property sells an asset, typically real estate, and then leases it back from the buyer. In this way, the transaction functions as a loan, with payments taking the form of rent.
Sublease: A sublease is a lease by the lessee of an estate to a third person, conveying all or part of the estate for a shorter term than that for which the lessee holds originally. A sublease is a new contract between the lessee and the sublessee. The original lessee turns into a sublessor in this new contract.
Total Cost: Total cost is the total expenditure incurred to produce some type of output. From an accounting perspective, the total cost concept is more applicable to financial reporting, where overhead costs must be assigned to certain assets.
Transaction: In QuickBooks, a transaction type identifies what kind of transaction occurred, such as a customer transaction, bill payment or a bank transfer. When you submit a transaction, you type in a transaction code to represent it.