GAAP for Nonprofits

On Demand Webinar

Webinar Details $219

  • Rated:
  • Webinar Length: 100 Minutes
  • Guest Speaker:   Chuck Borek
  • Topic:   Taxation and Accounting
  • Credit:   CPE 2.0, ATATX 1.5
All Access Membership

The main method of communicating the fiscal health of an organization is its financial statements. Evaluating the status of a nonprofit organization, however, require metrics different from those applied to for-profit entities. For this reason, GAAP mandates special accounting methods and procedures for nonprofits; understanding those rules is essential to comprehending the performance and outlook of charities and other nonprofit organizations. In this webinar we will discuss the basic areas where nonprofit accounting and financial reporting differs from for-profits and what those differences reveal. 

The topics discussed will include:

  • How “equity” is reflected on a nonprofit’s financial statements 
  • Reporting charitable contributions
  • The difference between accounting and tax rules
  • Understanding functional expense reporting
  • Nonprofit disclosures you should pay attention to
  1. Introduction
  2. ASU No. 2016-14 00:03:50
  3. New Terminology - Board-Designated Endowment Fund 00:05:49
  4. New Terminology - Endowment Fund 00:10:00
  5. New Terminology - Donor-Imposed Restriction 00:12:02
  6. New Terminology - Donor-Restricted Support 00:15:04
  7. New Terminology - Natural Expense Classification 00:15:39
  8. New Terminology - Functional Expense Classification 00:17:44
  9. New Terminology - Programmatic Investing 00:21:53
  10. New Terminology - Underwater Endowment Fund 00:23:48
  11. Three Becomes Two 00:26:03
  12. Reasons? 00:28:44
  13. Required Disclosures 00:31:30
  14. Implied Time Restrictions - 958-205-45-6 (OLD) 00:35:18
  15. Implied Time Restrictions - 958-205-45-6 (NEW) 00:38:30
  16. Implied Time Restrictions- 958-205-45-9 00:39:26
  17. Implied Time Restrictions - 958-205-45-12 00:40:08
  18. Underwater Endowment Funds 00:42:49
  19. Underwater Endowment Funds - Old Approach 00:43:44
  20. Underwater Endowment Funds - New Approach 00:45:11
  21. Required Disclosures 00:46:02
  22. The Problem: Hard To Assess Liquidity Due To Donor-Imposed Restrictions 00:47:31
  23. The Solution:  More Disclosure About Liquidity 00:49:19
  24. New Details Required - Qualitative Information 00:50:22
  25. New Details Required - Use Of Classified Balance Sheet 00:52:03
  26. Example Note - Management Of Liquidity 00:52:39
  27. Example Note - Availability Of Assets To Meet Cash Needs 00:53:44
  28. Cash Flow Statement Preparation 00:57:16
  29. Cash Flow Statement Review 00:58:47
  30. Cash Flow Statement Review Cont’d 01:00:54
  31. Direct vs. Indirect Method 01:02:13
  32. Final Rule 01:04:36
  33. Optional Operating Measure 01:06:23
  34.  New Standard Is Neutral 01:08:42
  35. Investment Return And Expenses - 958-225-45-14  01:09:46
  36. Investment Return And Expenses - 958-225-45-14 Cont’d 01:10:46
  37. Investment Return And Expenses - 958-225-45-14A 01:11:17
  38. Investment Return And Expenses - 925-225-45-14B 01:12:01
  39. Functional Expense Reporting 01:13:37
  40. Rationale For Functional Expense Reporting 01:15:16
  41. Functional Expenses 01:17:18
  42. Changes To Functional Expense Reporting - Natural/Functional Classification 01:18:04
  43. Changes To Functional Expense Reporting - Analysis Of Expense Classification In One Location 01:19:00
  44. Changes To Functional Expense Reporting - Program Services 01:22:55
  45. Changes To Functional Expense Reporting - Management And General Activities 01:26:10
  46. Changes To Functional Expense Reporting - Management And General Activities Cont’d 01:26:24
  47. Changes To Functional Expense Reporting  - Cost Allocation Method 01:27:32
  48. Changes To Functional Expense Reporting - Enhanced Disclosures 01:30:21
  49. American Cancer Society 01:33:11
  50. American Cancer Society - Balance Sheets 01:33:22
  51. American Cancer Society - Statement Of Activities 01:36:16
  52. American Cancer Society  - Financial Statement 01:37:10
  53. American Cancer Society  - Statement of Functional Expenses 01:38:15
  54. Wrap-Up 01:39:46
  55. Presentation Closing 01:44:22
  • Accounting (ACCG) 00:02:39, 01:24:48
  • Asset 00:10:16, 00:26:24, 00:38:38, 00:40:19, 00:48:13, 00:52:10
  • ASU No. 2016-14 00:03:55
  • Balance Sheet (BS) 00:26:21, 00:43:50, 00:51:12
  • Board-Designated Endowment Fund 00:06:11, 00:07:41, 00:09:56, 00:32:18
  • Cash flow (CF) 00:57:16, 01:02:20
  • Cash Flow Statement 00:57:17, 01:00:58
  • Cost 00:17:57
  • Cost Allocation 01:18:46, 01:27:37
  • Direct Method 00:59:08, 01:01:02
  • Donor-Imposed Restriction 00:09:41, 00:12:05, 00:15:05, 00:15:23, 00:24:12, 00:38:49, 00:45:30
  • Endowment Fund 00:09:59, 00:11:30, 00:15:16, 00:23:50, 00:27:17, 00:43:49, 00:46:39
  • Expenditure 01:24:50
  • Expense 00:15:49
  • Expense Report 01:19:12
  • Fair Market Value (FMV) 00:46:57
  • Financial Statement 00:06:44, 00:16:15, 00:21:37, 00:29:58, 00:34:35, 00:48:02, 01:15:04, 01:26:31, 01:30:24
  • Functional Expense Classification  00:17:43
  • Functional Expenses 01:17:18
  • Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) 00:00:07, 00:05:39, 01:18:16, 01:27:28
  • Income Statement 01:06:09
  • Indirect Method 00:59:36, 01:1:23
  • Liability 00:26:38
  • Natural Expense Classification 00:15:43, .00:16:46
  • Net Asset 00:15:11, 00:15:31, 00:26:16, 00:28:03, 00:59:39
  • Nonprofit 00:00:08, 00:04:20, 00:08:13, 00:10:22, 00:14:09, 00:19:51, 00:47:41, 01:04:23, 01:16:26, 01:20:40
  • Programmatic Investing 00:21:53
  • Revenue 00:15:09
  • Underwater Endowment Fund 00:24:09, 00:42:49
  • UPMIFA - Uniform Prudent Management of Institutional Funds Act 00:28:47

ASU No. 2016-14: ASU 2016-14 requires information on functional expenses to be reported in one location, which may be within the Statement of Activities, in the notes to the financial statements, or presented as a separate Statement of Functional Expenses.

Accounting (ACCG): A systematic way of recording and reporting financial transactions for a business or organization.

Asset: Property owned by a person or company, regarded as having value and available to meet debts, commitments or legacies.

Balance Sheet (BS): A financial report that summarizes a company's assets (what it owns), liabilities (what it owes) and owner or shareholder equity at a given time.

Board-Designated Endowment Fund: A board-designated endowment fund is created when a governing board designates or earmarks a portion of its net assets without donor restrictions to be invested for a generally long, but not necessarily specified, period of time.

Cash Flow (CF): The revenue or expense expected to be generated through business activities (sales, manufacturing, etc.) over a period of time.

Cash Flow Statement: In financial accounting, a cash flow statement, also known as statement of cash flows, is a financial statement that shows how changes in balance sheet accounts and income affect cash and cash equivalents, and breaks the analysis down to operating, investing, and financing activities.

Cost: The sum of the applicable expenditures and charges directly or indirectly incurred in bringing an article to its existing condition and location

Cost Allocation: Cost allocation is the process of identifying, aggregating, and assigning costs to cost objects. A cost object is any activity or item for which you want to separately measure costs. Examples of cost objects are a product, a research project, a customer, a sales region, and a department.

Direct Method: Direct cash flow is an accounting method that creates a detailed cash flow statement showing the cash changes over an accounting period. The method lists every transaction on the company's cash flow statement. It also identifies changes in cash payments and company activity receipts.

Donor-Imposed Restriction: Donor-imposed restrictions are a way for the donor to tell you what to spend their money on. Donor-imposed restrictions can be either explicit or implied.

Endowment Fund: An endowment fund, quite simply, is money set aside (invested) to earn revenue to fund some type of charitable activity. Unlike a typical investment fund, the beneficiary of an endowment fund is a nonprofit organization instead of individual investors.

Expenditure: An expenditure is money spent on something. Expenditure is often used when people are talking about budgets.

Expense: Offset (an item of expenditure) as an expense against taxable income.

Expense Report: A report that tracks expenses incurred during the course of performing necessary job functions. Examples include charges for gas, meals, parking or lodging. If your employees spend a lot of money in cash, you need to make sure you have them list these expenditures on an expense report form.

Fair Market Value (FMV): The term fair market value is used throughout the Internal Revenue Code among other federal statutory laws in the USA including Bankruptcy, many state laws, and several regulatory bodies. In litigation in many jurisdictions in the United States, the fair market value is determined at a hearing.

Financial Statement: Financial statements (or financial reports) are formal records of the financial activities and position of a business, person, or other entity. ... A balance sheet or statement of financial position, reports on a company's assets, liabilities, and owners equity at a given point in time.

Functional Expense Classification: Functional expense classification refers to the purpose for which the expenses were incurred, such as program activities and support services. The SFE reports expenses by their function (programs, management and general, fundraising) and by the nature or type of expense (salaries, rent).

Functional Expenses: Expenses are classified according to the purpose for which the cost is incurred:

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP): A set of rules and guidelines developed by the accounting industry for companies to follow when reporting financial data. Following these rules is especially critical for all publicly traded companies.

Income Statement: One of the three primary financial statements used to assess a company's performance and financial position (the two others being the balance sheet and the cash flow statement). The income statement summarizes the revenues and expenses generated by the company over the entire reporting period. (

Indirect Method: The indirect cash flow method calculates cash flow by adjusting net income with differences from noncash transactions. It starts with a business's net income and then lists cash flows, both received and paid, for various activities (i.e., the three cash flow categories: operating, investing, and financing).

Liability: In financial accounting, a liability is defined as the future sacrifices of economic benefits that the entity is obliged to make to other entities as a result of past transactions or other past events, the settlement of which may result in the transfer or use of assets, provision of services or other yielding of economic benefits in the future.

Natural Expense Classification: This is a method of grouping expenses according to the kinds of economic benefits received in incurring those expenses. Examples of natural expense classifications include salaries and wages, supplies interest expense, rent and utilities, and depreciation.

Net Asset: Net assets is defined as the total assets of an entity, minus its total liabilities. The amount of net assets exactly matches the stockholders' equity of a business. In a nonprofit entity, net assets are subdivided into unrestricted and restricted net assets.

Nonprofit Corporation: A nonprofit organization, also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is an organization dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.

Programmatic Investing: Programmatic investments are a means of leveraging philanthropic dollars. Some NFPs maintain formal programs that make programmatic investments on an annual basis. Others make programmatic investments when the opportunity presents itself. Loans are the most common programmatic investment.

Revenue: In accounting, revenue is the income that a business has from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers. Revenue is also referred to as sales or turnover. Some companies receive revenue from interest, royalties, or other fees.

UPMIFA - Uniform Prudent Management of Institutional Funds Act: The Uniform Prudent Management of Institutional Funds Act (UPMIFA) is a uniform act that provides guidance on investment decisions and endowment expenditures for nonprofit and charitable organizations. As of 2012 UPMIFA is the law in 49 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Underwater Endowment Fund: An underwater endowment, as defined by the FASB, is a donor-restricted endowment fund for which the fair value of the fund at the reporting date is less than either the original gift amount or the amount required to be maintained by the donor or by law that extends donor restrictions.

Guest Speaker

  • Chuck Borek

CPE Credit

Continuing Professional Education

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ATATX Credit

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